It is responsible for the study, prevention, diagnosis and treatment of anomalies in the shape, position, relationship and function of dentomaxillofacial structures; being its practice the art of preventing, diagnosing and correcting its possible alterations and keeping them in an optimal state of health and harmony, through the use and control of different types of forces.
The orthodontist is the specialist in charge of attending and taking the case from beginning to end. It is very important that the patient and / or parents know that before placing a single bracket in the mouth, it is necessary to do an analysis or cephalometric study, which is nothing else than an exclusive cranioencephalic diagnosis to carry out the orthodontic case. It consists of taking 2 types of x-rays, a panoramic, a cephalometric, plaster models and photographs of the profile, front of the patient, photographs of bite records. With all these tools the specialist takes the results or diagnosis of how the case takes, approximate time of treatment, whether or not it is necessary to perform extractions before, during or after removing the brackets, facial type, technique to be used, type of appliance use, as the case may be, etc.
The bad dental position can be corrected with fixed and removable appliances (orthopedics), with metallic or aesthetic braces, it can be lingual or invisible orthodontics. Depending on the case, the best option is advised or recommended.